The gallbladder is partially attached to the liver and has the task of storing the bile that is produced in the liver itself and releasing it into the duodenum in larger quantities when necessary. The bile fluid is important for the digestion of fats and for the absorption of certain vitamins. However, this also works without a gallbladder.
The most common procedure on the gallbladder is because of gallstones.
Many people develop gallstones, which on the one hand can cause cramp-like pain in the upper right or middle area of the abdomen and on the other hand can cause inflammation of the gallbladder, which can be associated with fever, pain and, rarely, peritonitis (if the gallbladder ruptures). Malignant tumors of the gallbladder that require surgery are less common.
- right-sided, relapsing pain in the upper area of the abdomen,
- feeling full,
- yellowing of the eyes or skin,
- light color of stool,
- darkening of the urine.
The gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy) can usually be performed minimally invasive (using keyhole surgery) and rarely openly (e.g. if a tumor is suspected or the most severe inflammation).
Complications are very rare. The loss of the gallbladder usually has no negative consequences for the patient. The symptoms caused by the gallstones and / or inflammation of the gallbladder are usually no longer present after the procedure.
The patients mostly enjoy a sudden elimination of their colic-like pain in the right or middle upper abdomen, which they had previously suffered for many years.
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