Cardiac Surgery is concerned with the operative treatment of innate or developed diseases and injuries of the heart and its vascular systems. Transplants play an important role nowadays, yet the most common interventions are the coronary artery bypass operation and operations of the heart valves.
Innate heart conditions in children and adults
One percent of humans are born with a heart condition, which is often dealt with right after birth. Many patients however – be it in childhood or as an adult – are in need of an additional operation. Furthermore adults, who have been successfully treated early in their lives, can develop the same conditions as any other adult later on. They may need surgery of the valves, aorta or a bypass operation, which can become quite sophisticated because of the earlier intervention.